The uses of Military Challenge Coins

March 19, 2015

Before custom military coins became popular among collectors, a very long time ago, those were used by the Roman Empire as a reward for their most valiant soldiers who excelled in combat. Such coins were also believed to be used by army personnel as a means to identify themselves.

One notable example of this particular usage is a story that dates back to World War I, where a rich air force lieutenant ordered a huge number of medallions – the equivalent of custom military coins at that time – and requested that each personnel in his unit were given one. One of the pilots of the unit decided to place the medallion in a small pouch, and wore it around like a charm around his neck. When this pilot flew his aircraft after he received the unit’s medallion, the plane he was flying was shot and severely damaged by Germany’s ground based weapon. This pilot decided to make an emergency landing inside the enemy’s territory and was immediately captured.

custom military coinsAs a safe measure, the enemy confiscated everything the soldier was carrying, even his identification cards. The mistake that his abductors made was they brought him to a place being bombarded by the soldier’s allies. He took advantage of this commotion and barely escaped. He reached one of the forward camps of their French allies with great difficulty, but was suspected of being a spy. When it was time for his execution, against all odds, he showed the medallion, tucked on the pouch around his neck. Recognizing the engraved insignia in the medallion he showed to them, his life was spared and instead of being shot in the head, he was offered a bottle of wine, supposedly to make amends.

Aside from the inspirational story above – which depicts custom military coins as a life-saving item to identify a soldier to his or her comrades – another use of this item is to challenge other comrades-in-arms to know if they are carrying these tokens of unity at all times. The challenge is made by showing the coin and slamming it to a table. Everyone who cannot show his or her coin must buy drinks for the challenger and everyone who has successfully shown their coin in the room. There is a special rule, however, which states that when everybody is able to show a coin to the challenger, then the person who issued the challenge must provide everyone with drinks. So, initiating a challenge is essentially a gamble.

It is also awarded to soldiers with outstanding performance in the line of duty. This is made to increase the soldier’s morale and to act as reminder to everyone about the coin holder’s achievement. In rare cases, civilians can also obtain such special coins, especially those who have played big roles in military missions. If it is to be used this way, it is handed over to the civilian or military personnel who will receive it via handshake. The right hand of the person, which holds the coin that he will pass, shakes hands with right hand of the recipient. Before letting the awardees’ hand go, it is normal for the person who will give the coin to offer a brief explanation why he or she is receiving the coin from that person.

Whatever the reason why custom military coins are used, their purpose, and when they were first used, such tokens are still a beautiful piece of metal that is bound to last for generations, symbolizing a great event for the person who owns one. Simply put, being given that kind of coin is among the greatest honors a person could have.


Essential Laboratory Essentials to Obtain with Research Chemicals

February 13, 2015

Individuals working with chemicals for studies need to invest in various laboratory equipment and tools to ensure proper production. This is also the same in formulating products using research chemicals. Being chemicals, these solutions require proper handling, which is possible with the right tool and equipment. Here are the common laboratory essentials to invest:

Digital weighing scale

Weighing scales are the main equipment to be obtained for formulating these chemicals. Lab scales are specialized equipment used for measuring the amount of chemicals to use. Unlike larger scales used in shops, these are smaller in size because formulating chemicals doesn’t require kilograms of in one formulation. Some formulas only require milligrams or smaller grams of research chemicals. These scales’ sizes allow lab experts to measure chemicals in powder or crystal forms in smallest amount possible.

Research chemicalsAside from being capabilities to measure small amounts of chemicals, digital weighing scales will also measure chemicals accurately. Lab experts don’t need to worry about calibrating the scale regularly unlike the earlier ones available. Calibration may still be necessary in some weighing scales, but their digital features make calibration easier. Pressing specific buttons will calibrate the scale.

Obtaining top quality scales is crucial for laboratories. Measurements will affect chemical dosages and titration procedures if required.


Research chemicals can’t be ingested due to their fatal effects on the body. Since they are available in powder form, there’s a great chance of inhaling its minute components, which leads to lab experts ingesting the chemical. The nose is connected to the throat and the stomach that can be irritated upon inhaling the chemical. Facial masks will protect laboratory people from inhaling chemicals.

Additionally, facemasks will protect chemists from inhaling fumes caused by mixing reagents or by subjecting them from heat. Fumes can irritate the nose and throat, which leads to allergic reactions and even difficulty breathing. Smoke and fumes produced can be thick based on the combined chemicals.

In some cases, fumes produced can be more problematic than the actual chemical. Wearing masks will protect the internal part of the body from reacting with toxic fumes produced during chemical formulation and manufacturing.

More than lab expert’s protection, laboratory professionals also wear masks to keep themselves from contaminating the chemical formulated. People may sneeze inside the lab, which means distributing viruses and bacteria to the formulated chemicals. Contaminating the formula will result to problematic output or chemical quality.


Just like inhaling, powder research chemicals can get into the eyes due to its minute components. Various accidents can cause them to be carried away by the air towards the eyes and cause irritation for lab experts. Furthermore, eyes are sensitive that getting in contact with chemicals can cause various optical problems depending on their toxicity. Although these chemicals are not as toxic as others, it’s still best to take extra precaution for chemists.


Gloves worn on the hands protect people from getting in contact with chemicals. Just like masks, gloves work in two ways in terms of protection. First, it protects chemists from directly touching the chemicals. A chemist may forget touching these chemicals and touch his meals, which will lead to ingesting them.

The next way is protecting chemicals from contamination. Hands touch numerous items that may have bacteria, making them a mode in transferring bacteria from once place to another. Touching chemicals directly and the formula will result to contamination.

Overall, obtaining top research chemicals for studies is important. However, experts also highlight getting these other laboratory essentials to ensure quality chemical production and formulation. You can obtain these essentials from the same chemical dealers or from third-party sellers of your choice.


The Roots That A SEO Company Will Need To Establish For Your Site

February 12, 2015

Millions of dollars are spent annually on SEO services. There are a lot of companies out there that do this, and while many of them will give you a good leg up, it still can cause some detriment. Optimization services aren’t always giving you the best bang for your buck, and it’s because there’s a lot involved with this type of advertising collateral. If you expect results to manifest fast, and easily, you’re looking at the wrong arena overall. In order to get yourself into a good place online, you’re going to need to look at establishing some roots that are deeper than just the superficial world of internet search placement. Yes, search engines are good for a lot of reasons, but if you don’t highlight different areas online with your page’s links, ads, and more, you’re going to end up missing out on the greater good of establishing long term placement throughout the online world. This may sound odd, but if you look at the roots individually, you’re going to see that they build a larger picture for your marketing endeavors.

The Search Results

First and foremost, you should have all your pages indexed within search engines. This is something that many people miss because they aren’t sure about how to place their site within them. In the past, you would have to pay a service to inject your site into a lot of different sites, and see whether or not you could see a push forward in terms of traffic. Today, you can put your link across a lot of interesting locales, but you will not see the type of engagement that you’d hope for. The reason why you can’t really just purchase your way to the top of results, is because there’s a constant evolution in regards to how search engines deliver results to people. If you want to see your results higher, you will need to look at indexing all your pages. That includes pages that are dormant, or haven’t been updated in a while. You absolutely need indexing, and this is just one of the many roots you have to establish.

Social Networking

SEOSocial networks continue to grow, despite pundits saying that they are diminishing in nature. You will find that millions upon millions of people are on these pages and they are growing by leaps and bounds. If you want to establish a firm relationship with any niche on the web, you are going to have to be more social, but more than just social, you have to put yourself out there in such a manner that you will find yourself gaining ground overall. Without the push forward of optimization, and strategies that will help you get indexed within social circles, you’re not going to get going very far. Social media requires you to build on a lot of infrastructure, even though it may seem easy at first glance. Many people assume that this is all simple and easy, therefore they don’t try to build a bridge between their branding and the audience. Don’t assume that you can master this fast, it’s not simple, it’s far more complex than you may realize.


Traffic generation is an important thing, but you don’t just need numbers. There are some numbers that are going to be good, and the ego boost that comes from the attention is well worth chasing. However, if you have a lot of visitors and you are not seeing the main goal of your site satiated, what’s the point? Think about a store that gets a lot of visitors but no sales. That store wouldn’t sustain the seasons and would go out of business, right? It’s for that simple reason that you should look at traffic generation through the lens of a SEO Company. When they focus on building roots that will give you a good deal of influence in this area, you’ll find that conversions will rise, bounce rate will drop, and you’ll see real change come through.

Content Publishing

Content marketing is one of the pillars of SEO and you’re going to find that it’s more than just updating a blog page. You will need to focus on building a lot of different elements and publishing through various means. That includes blogging, press releases, and directories that require a lot of attention online. If you don’t focus on building these branches, you are not going to get anywhere fast, and that’s the problem with this digital age. Content publishing requires you to focus on keyword placement, and illustrating your information to a global audience that is going to build on the infrastructure that is necessary to gain leverage. It can get convoluted fast, which is why you shouldn’t just rely on one arena to get noticed on the web.

At the end of the day, all of this can be done by the right SEO Company for your needs. Assess what you want, and focus on hiring someone that is going to help you achieve those goals overall. You don’t want to end up with a large marketing base that isn’t in line with what you need. Focus on hiring, and see what results come through that.


18 Awe-inspiring Modifications to a Movable Cubicle

January 30, 2015

Some people believe that no matter how many changes that a movable cubicle will undergo, it will never change the fact that it can only transport and store materials without maintaining their qualities. This perception isn’t true, especially if the cubicle has one or more of the these 18 modifications:

1. Shelves

Movable CubicleThey keep dry and refrigerated materials off the floor. Shelves keep those materials organized in a movable cubicle. Easier accessibility to materials and greater air circulation will occur because materials are not stacked on top of one another. Meshed shelves can accommodate spill from perishable drinks. Heavy duty shelves can lift plenty or heavy materials for a long time. Lightweight shelves can raise light or few items. However, they can function as heavy duty shelves for a short time.

2. Workbenches

These tables are where packing and unpacking of shelved items are done. Workbenches with mesh allow spillage from liquid or wet goods. These tables can either be fixed or moved in a movable cubicle from one area to another.

3. Alarm system

This system produces an audible signal that can alert people of a possible break-in and theft. It usually happens after a thief is able to unlock the lock.

4. HVAC system

This system includes heating, ventilation, and air conditioning to control internal temperature. It is typically used for cubicles that are divided into multiple sections. Residential applications aren’t suitable for this system.

5. Lock box

This simple lock hides and protects the padlock from being cut by bolt cutters. It’s welded to the cubicle’s doors for easy access.

6. Window

This modification allows people to check inside the movable cubicle for missing items without going inside.

7. Personnel door

This door is commonly used for residential and industrial applications because of its resemblance to an ordinary door. An industrial personnel door can secure stored items because it is constructed out of steel. A residential personnel door is cheaper because it is manufactured from wood.

8. LED light

This light only needs to be attached to a small battery for it to illuminate the cubicle’s interior. It is suitable for cubicles that don’t have access to electricity or are placed in isolated areas.

9. Flood light

This light brightens the area surrounding the cubicle. Some cubicles have flood lights that are mounted with alarm systems.

10. Receptacles

These lights require 110 volts of energy to function properly. They usually come with two or four power outlets. Receptacles can be shown or flush mounted on the cubicle’s interior wall panels.

11. Refrigeration

This allows the cubicle to electronically control interior cold temperatures to store perishable goods.

12. Rooftop turbine vents

These are the cheapest vents that can be mounted on the cubicle’s roof. They don’t require power to function. They control the amount of airflow in the cubicle.

13. Overhead light

This light contains a 2-bulb florescent fixture. 20-feet cubicles typically have two overhead lights. 40-feet cubicles commonly have four overhead lights.

14. Skylight

This illuminates the cubicle’s interior from the ceiling. It gets its light source from the sun.

15. Side doors

These doors allow items with larger widths to be loaded and unloaded in the cubicle.

16. Fiberglass insulation

This contains a plywood-framed or a wood-framed interior with a fiberglass insulation value of R-13. Its surface is either fireproof or waterproof and it is easy to clean.

17. Partitions

They separate items from other compartments that will be used for other applications. For example, one part of the cubicle will be used for storing office supplies and the other part will be used as an office workspace.

18. Security bars

These bars prevent thieves from entering the cubicle through the window or skylight.

These are 18 modifications that a movable cubicle can have. 

Author Bio:

Workbenches tables are where packing and unpacking of shelved items are done. Workbenches with mesh allow spillage from liquid or wet goods. These tables can either be fixed or moved in a movable cubicle from one area to another.

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The Concept of Employee Engagement

January 29, 2015

When a person is talking about employee engagement, he or she could be referring to interactions between superiors and their understudies. He or she could also be referring to the dynamics that happen in the workplace between employees, regardless of the positions they hold. In actuality, defining what the term means could be very difficult because it is more of a concept with an abstract nature. Like love, it is very much harder to define than to notice and express. It could simply mean the everyday conversations that happen between co-workers, or it could have a complicated meaning like the observable and intangible dynamics that takes place in an office-type setting.

Employee engagementWhatever the case may be, the whole concept just revolves around two things. If the terms are taken separately, a literal meaning could be formed. An employee is a person working under a higher-positioned officer, while engagement simply means being involved in a transaction. Putting the two together, it could mean that employee engagement is about a person working under a higher-positioned officer being involved in a transaction. The combination of the meanings of the two words formed a literal meaning. That meaning is simple enough to understand word for word, but is still difficult to comprehend if taken as a whole.

There is a subfield in Psychology, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, that deals with certain factors that affect employee engagement. From that statement alone, it can be deduced that the term can be broken down into separate factors. It means that it could just be a whole that can be divided into parts, or it could be taken as a process. Furthermore, it could mean that the term could also refer to something that can be done with just two people, or something that requires a lot of people to take place.

Experts who try to define the term as a whole also encounter difficulty, and often arrive at equally ambiguous terms. Researchers have yet to come up with a single definition of the term. Different books still fail to come up with a single concrete conceptualization about the term. Reference books still lack the appropriate material to define what the aforementioned term means. Even people who work often have difficulties in explaining what the term means.

Based from all of those statements, one thing can be deduced: it is very difficult to define the term. Hence, since defining it is hard, why not just stop defining, and just understand the term? This is what authors are trying to do nowadays. They have stopped trying to make words explain other words. Rather, those authors are now trying to define words using other tactics like relating it to people’s experiences or by using analogy.

Current conceptualizations about employee engagement involve words like transactions, interactions, interpersonal communication, group dynamics, people skills, verbal and non-verbal communication, dichotomies, social factors, and other words. These words all help in explaining the central term. Basically, these words help in defining the term, but they are not enough. Therefore, the common conceptualization of the term, as found in educational books, is the interplay of all the definitions.

It could simply be what is seen to be as the totality of what the employees are doing while they are in their offices. This seems to be a general statement, but this seems to be the most appropriate statement that applies to the term. Its concept may be hard to define, but people have a lot less difficulty describing what employees do while in their offices. Therefore, one thing is for certain: the whole concept of employee engagement is hard to define, but easy to understand.

Employee engagement will provide ideas on how to unleash your creativity to continuously give meaningful, specific and timely recognition to your staff.


Important Facts You Ought to Know About Printed Circuit Board

January 27, 2015

The first printed circuit board was made-up by Paul Eisler in 1936 as a component of a radio set. In 1943, the United States government started to use the technology on a massive scale to create proximity fuses (bomb detonators) in World War II. Today, PCBs are important components of almost all equipment such as cars, computers, mobile phones, and many more.

In creating a custom printed circuit board, the electronic diagram of the needed circuit is prepared using either computer-aided software or through manual layout using a stencil. Then, the prototype circuit board will be developed using conventional etching methods or through computer aided manufacturing software.

printed circuit boardThe common materials used today to manufacture circuit boards are Alumina, Bakelite, CEM5, Arlon, Polyimide, Rogers, Ceramic, GeTek, CEM1, Nelco, FR4 and FR4 High-Temperate. The thickness and the size of the board depend on the requirements of the circuit board. Copper is the widely used material to coat the substrate. With photosensitive coating, the diagram of the printed circuit board will be printed. The unnecessary copper is etched out from the board to form traces. This process is referred to as photoengraving.

There are two common techniques used to develop connecting traces. Silk-screen printing employs a special ink that is resistant to etching and used as a covering for areas where the copper traces have to be developed. Meanwhile, PCB milling is a mechanical system where the unnecessary copper is washed away using CNC machining.

When the circuit board is ready with copper traces, the holes will be drilled into the board to mount the electrical parts using lead. In the drilling process, specialized laser drill or Tungsten Carbide could be used. Usually, the holes created are filled with depressed rivets or coated through electroplating, hence forming an electrical connection among the different layers.

The entire board will be coated except the pads and holes with masking materials. The commonly used materials to mask the board are lead solder, immersion gold, lead free solder, wire bondable gold, immersion silver, immersion tin, flash gold, carbon ink, nickel and copper.

The last step in manufacturing a circuit board is screen printing where the text and legend will be printed on the PCB.

Testing the Printed Circuit Board

Before assembling the parts or delivering the PCBs, it is a standard operating procedure to test the board to determine if there are shorts and opens that could affect its function. A PCB is termed as short if there are unnecessary connections, and a PCB is referred as “open” if there are unconnected points that are supposed to be connected. These errors must be rectified before assembling the circuit board. It is crucial to take note that not all PCB manufacturers test the boards before delivery. This is often referred to as an added expense but an integral one to provide a 100% functional PCB before adding the parts.

Assembling the Printed Circuit Board

When the board is ready, parts will be assembled and mounted on the surface according to the circuit diagram. The most common assembly methods used are through-hole construction and surface-mount construction. There are instances when a combination of these two methods is used in assembling the PCB.

Types of PCB

There are three major types of PCBs – single sided board, double sided board, and multi-layered board.

A single sided PCB is the simplest type because there is only one layer of substrate. All electrical components and parts are mounted on one side and the copper substrates on the reverse side. A double sided board, on the other hand, is the most common type of PCB, where the components are mounted to either side of the substrate. Double sided boards with connecting traces on both sides are often used. Finally, multi-layered boards are composed of several layers of substrate divided by insulation.


Lanyards for the Prevention of Hazards

January 23, 2015

A lanyard is arope-like material worn around a person’s neck which has loop of wire or thread or even an adjustable hook as an end, enabling the object to grab unto things. This is primarily used to hold things such as gadgets, keys, even different kinds of cards, in order for a person to easily bring these things as one and to also prevent himself or herself from forgetting to bring the said things.

LanyardsFrom an unobserving point-of-view, a lanyard seems pretty useless because there are other ways a person can bring things, like the use of simple bags. But, given a hazardous situation in which unfortunate events happen, lanyards could be really proven useful. Imagine a scenario where a sudden blackout happens and the person couldn’t see anything, leaving him or her unable to rummage his or her bag for a source of light, what would he do? If the person was fortunate enough to have a lanyard with him or her with a penlight attached to it, or even his or her own phone, then things would turn up for the good.

Another scenario likely to happen is an attempted assault, like plans of stealing or even kidnapping. What if a person suddenly stumbles upon a deranged person in the middle of the night without any people around, what chances will he or she would be able to protect himself or herself? Finding time to look for a weapon at the surroundings will be very hard, even with the possession of it inside a carried bag if there is, and running is a risky option. But then, if that person has a lanyard with a self-defense weapon attached to it, then he or she could really have a chance.

In modern times, unfortunate events are likely to occur, and they are inevitable. The best way to act is be prepared always, and by being prepared, one has to be alert and should be able to have all of his or her needed things close to him or her at all times. And clearly one method of doing this is through the use of lanyards. By attaching important things such as an identification card, self-defense weapons such as a small knife or even keys, one could be able to spare his life. He or she would be able to protect himself or herself by using these tools, and if the unpromising thing happens, at least someone would be able to identify that person.

Aside from the prevention of hazardous events, lanyards could also serve as a person’s way of recognition, be it from a company or from a school he or she is currently at. These could also be a form of handling the security of a place by having all the members of a community or organization lanyards with the same logos and/or designs, these could also be a way of showing unity and cooperation of a certain group. With all of the mentioned purposes, a lanyard is, without a doubt, a very useful thing to have on a person. Be it for bringing certain tools or personal stuff, or for representation of being a member of a group.

In conclusion, no one should underestimate the usefulness of a lanyard, even if it just looks like a plain accessory. Aside from enabling a person to bring needed things with him or her at all times, it should also enable him or her to have easy access on these things because they are technically just clipped on by just above his or her chest. Enabling a person to have easy access to these certain things also enable him or her the chance of protecting his or her life in hazardous situations, just proving how much of a help a lanyard truly is.